How do you drink sake?
If you’re a sake lover, perhaps you know about the traditional bottle and cup that Japanese people use to drink Sake from: tokkuri and ochoko. Maybe you even have them at home, and use it daily to enjoy your sake. But did you know that there’s a specific way in which they use these items?
It’s not exactly a must, but there are rules surrounding the drinking of sake that some Japanese people still follow today.
In this blog, I’d like to introduce to you some of the manners centering the use of tokkuri and ochoko.
How to Offer and Receive Sake
How to offer sake
When you offer a sake for someone, hold the body of tokkuri firmly with your right hand, and place your left hand place your left hand near its mouth. Do not start pouring until your friend or your boss holds the cup in their hand, because pouring it directly into the cup on the table is considered rude. If you pour it too quickly, it might spill out of the cup so make sure to be slow and steady.
Also, it is considered a bad manner in Japan to go around with a sake bottle in your hand. When you want to offer sake for someone, it’s a good idea to go to them directly and use what’s on the table.
How to Receive Sake
If someone offers you sake, hold your cup in your right hand. Some elders forget about manners when a younger person offers sake, but whether the offeror is younger or not, it’s polite to place your left hand under the ochoko when the sake is being poured.
After your cup is filled, taking at least one sip is considered a good mannerism. Make sure to not finish it completely, so that you won’t appear as someone just waiting for the sake to be poured again.
A Trap: Don’t Pour from Spout
You’ve probably noticed that some tokkuri has an obvious spout at its rim. Yes, it does look tempting.
This is a trap.
It’s not widely known, but sake is generally poured from the opposite side of the spout. Pouring it from the spout is considered a rude mannerism especially among the older people, because the spout is considered as the ‘end of the rim’.
While this doesn’t make sense in English, the kanji that is used for ‘rim (ふち)’ is also used to express ‘relationship’ in Japan, and thus using this spout would be telling the receiver that you want to end your relationship with them.
(Other theory says that during the Sengoku period, poison was applied to the spout of the tokkuri as a mean of assassination and thus it’s a rude manner to use the spout)
There are Some Other Minor Rules
Other than the manners mentioned above, there are a lot of minor rules regarding the use of sake bottle and sake cup. I picked up a few and listed them below.
- Awase TokkuriThis is when you pour sake from several tokkuri into one. Some people do this to clean up the table when there is only a little bit of content left in the bottles, but doing this could spoil the temperature and the flavor of sake, so it is considered a bad manner.
- Nozoki TokkuriThis is when you peek into a tokkuri to see how much of sake is left in it. It is not only considered a lowly manner but also quickens the change in the temperature of sake, so it is not recommended.
- Furi TokkuriThis is also when you check the amount of sake left in a tokkuri, but by lightly shaking it sideways. It is not recommended for the same reason above.
- Sakate SosogiThis is when you hold a tokkuri in one hand, with your palm facing upwards. This is considered a rude thing to do when you’re pouring it for an elder or for your authority.
So how was it? Did you know all the rules written in this article? If you didn’t, well now you know, and if you did, congratulations, you probably know a lot more about sake than typical sake drinkers in Japan!
I wrote an article on the practical use of tokkuri, so check it out if you’re interested: “Reasons You Shouldn’t Microwave Sake: Right Way to Use Sake Bottle”
Author - Kanna
A writing/translating enthusiast and a part-time illustrator, recently graduated from Sophia University. My expertise is in media and English studies, but I am also interested in a wide variety of fields, including traditions of art in Japan and how it has changed and been preserved. I hope people find interest in Japan through this blog!